Wednesday, 23 November 2016

Documents at Nottingham Records

Documents at Nottingham Records Office

These docs appear to refer to part of The Feathers properties on the corner of Wheelergate and Friar Lane.
M2150 - 13 Oct 1637
Demise by J and Avery (Alverey) Pepper to Richard Walker of messuage in Fryer Rowe for remainder of term for which granted to them by king
(1i) John Pepper of Nottingham, gentleman
(1ii) Avery [signed Alverey] Pepper of Calverton, yeoman
(2) Richard Walker of Nuthall, yeoman
Demise of a messuage in
the Fryer Rowe for remainder of term for which 7 messuages there were granted to (1i) and (1ii) by the King's letters patent, having been seized into the King's hands by reason of debt owed to the Crown by former owners. Consideration £10
M/2152 - 1659
Feoffment by Joseph and Alice Salmon to Lawrence Athorpe of messuage in Fryer Rowe
M/2153 - 1671
Deed poll (quitclaim) by Alvery Pepper and John Dale to Lawrence Athorpe of messuage in Fryer Rowe, Nottingham
M/2154 - 1671
Feoffment by Lawrence Athorpe to John Sherwyn of messuage on Fryer Rowe
M/13425 - 1703
Attested copy deed to declare uses of fine, three messuages in Wheelwright Gate to use of
 H Athorpe (Heyrick?)
M/13428 - 1768
Attested copy lease for a year by Henry Athorpe to Abel Smith of two houses in Wheeler Gate, maltrooms at top of yard, and two stables in Friar Lane
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M/13716 - 1684
Marriage settlement of Thomas Smyth and Anne Costall: release to trustees of a burgage, dye house etc by Leene side; a burgage (now three tenements) in Wheelwright Gate; three burgages in Hungate; Tenter Close; and lands in the Meadows (in Great and Little Ryehills, Sweet Leys etc)
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M/4388 - 1875 - Willoughby's Charity -  2 Gardens
Counterpart lease for 16 years by Sydney William Herbert Pierrepont, Earl Manvers and John Watson (churchwardens of St Mary's) to John Hooley of 3 houses, etc, in Friar Lane, on site of 2 gardens belonging to Willoughby's charity.
Note - see History and Antiquities ..... Orange page 574 refers to Willoughby's Charities and the gardens at 7 Friars Lane
From History and Antiquities....... - Orange
M/9469 - 2 April 1822
Lease for a year by John Ashwell to Thomas Bailey of house, formerly Feather's Inn, corner of Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane
1) John Ashwell, gentleman, alderman
2) Thomas Bailey, wine and spirit merchant
Lease for a year, for 5s and a peppercorn rent, of a capital messuage, formerly an inn called the Feather's Inn, at the north end of the west side of Wheeler Gate and at the east end of the south side of Friar Lane, with the warehouses and stable adjoining, the vaults, and the cellars under it, a small yard, and a moiety of so much in length of the wall on the south side of the premises as adjoins the messuage formerly the property of
Robert, Lord Carrington
2 Apr 1822
M/9470 - 3 April 1822
Conveyance of house, formerly Feather's Inn, corner of Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane by appointment, to T Bailey and Thomas Carver (trustee), and assignment of mortgage by John Fellows, and assignment of mortgage by John Fellows and Thomas Carpenter Smith
1) John Ashwell, gentleman, alderman
2i) John Fellows, silkman
2ii) Thomas Carpenter Smith, hosier
3) Henry Enfield, gentleman
4
) Thomas Bailey, wine and spirit merchant
5) Thomas Carver, hosier
6) John Perry, lace manufacturer
Conveyance by appointment of a capital messuage, formerly an inn called the Feather's Inn, at the north end of the west side of Wheeler Gate and at the east end of the south side of Friar Lane, with the warehouses and stable adjoining, the vaults, and the cellars under it, a small yard, and a moiety of so much in length of the wall on the south side of the premises as adjoins the messuage formerly the property
of Robert, Lord Carrington, to 4), he having agreed to pay off the mortgage of £2000 to 2i) and 2ii), and 3) assigning to 6), in trust for Bailey, an unassigned remainder of the term of 500 years under a mortgage of 1756
3 Apr 1822
M/9471 - 4 April 1822
Mortgage by T Bailey and T Carver to Sarah Hornbuckle of house, formerly Feather's Inn, corner of Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane
1) Thomas Bailey, wine merchant
2) Thomas Carver, hosier (trustee for Bailey to bar dower)
3) Sarah Hornbuckle, spinster
Mortgage of a capital messuage, formerly an inn called the Feather's Inn, at the north end of the west side of Wheeler Gate and at the east end of the south side of Friar Lane, with the warehouses and stable adjoining, the vaults, and the cellars under it, a small yard, and a moiety of so much in length of the wall on the south side of the premises as adjoins the messuage formerly the property of Robert, Lord Carrington, by demise for £2000, for 1000 years
4 Apr 1822
M/9472 - 30 April 1822
Assignment by J Fellows and T C Smith at request of S Hornbuckle to Richard Morley and Thomas Wakefield in trust (on intended marriage of S Hornbuckle and Reverend Samuel Hine) of mortgage.
1i) John Fellows, esquire
1ii) Thomas Carpenter Smith, hosier
2) Sarah Hornbuckle, spinster
3) James Samuel Hine, of Wirksworth, Derbyshire, Protestant Dissenting Minister
4i) Richard Morley, of Sneinton, hosier
4ii) Thomas Wakefield, cotton spinner
Assignment by 1i) and 1ii), at the request of 2), and with the approbation of 3), whom she is about to marry, of the £2000 bequeathed by her father, Benjamin Hornbuckle, to them (and other trustees, since deceased), in trust for 2), who assigns to 4i) and 4ii) the mortgage on a capital messuage,
formerly an inn called the Feather's Inn, at the north end of the west side of Wheeler Gate and at the east end of the south side of Friar Lane, with the warehouses and stable adjoining, the vaults, and the cellars under it, a small yard, and a moiety (joint interest) of so much in length of the wall on the south side of the premises as adjoins the messuage formerly the property of Robert, Lord Carrington
30 Apr 1822
M/9473 - 10 Feb 1825
Lease and appointment and release (attached) by John Bigsby and Robert Bigsby (trustee) to T Bailey and T Carter of 2 messuages on south side of Fryar Lane; and assignment of mortgage by Lewis Allsop to Peter Fearnhead
1i) John Bigsby, Doctor of Physic
1ii) Robert Bigsby, gentleman
2)
Thomas Bailey, liquor merchant
Lease for a year of two adjacent messuages on the south side of Fryer Lane, bounded on the east by Bailey's property. Attached to M/9474
10 Feb 1825
M/9474 - 11 Feb 1825
Mortgage (lease and release attached) by T Bailey and T Carver to William Trentham of 2 messuages on south side of Fryar Lane, and declaration of trust by P Fearnhead
1) John Bigsby, Doctor of Physic
2) Robert Bigsby, gentleman
3
) Thomas Bailey, liquor merchant
4) Thomas Carver, hosier
5) Lewis Allsopp, gentleman (acting executor named in the will of the late Joseph Flewitt, surgeon, who was sole executor of the will of William Doubleday Crofts, gentleman)
6) Peter Fearnhead, gentleman
Release by 1) and 2) of the two messuages leased in M/9473 (on the south side of Fryer Lane) to 4) in trust for 3), and assignment by Allsopp to Fearnhead of the unexpired remainder of a term of a mortgage of 1802
11 Feb 1825
M/9475 - 28 April 1837
Surrender by R Morley and T Wakefield to T Bailey of term, as in M/9472 to merge.
1i) Richard Morley, of Sneinton, hosier
1ii) Thomas Wakefield, cotton spinner

2) Thomas Bailey, now of Basford, wine merchant
Surrender of a term of 1000 years in the premises at the corner of
Friar Lane and Wheeler Gate to be merged in Bailey's freehold estate, he having paid the £2000 on 7 Jan 1833, but no assignment having been made
28 Apr 1837
M9476 - 3 May 1837
Lease for a year by W Trentham to T Bailey of 2 messuages as in M/9474
Lease for a year of 2 messuages in Fryar Lane
3 May 1837
M/9478 - 6 May 1837
Lease for a year by T Bailey and T Carver to John Cragg, junior, and George Brightmore Mills of former Feather's Inn, etc, and 2 messuages in Fryar Lane
Lease for a year of premises at the corner of Friar Lane and the two messuages adjoining
6 May 1837 as in M/9476
M/9479 - 1837
1) Thomas Bailey, wine merchant
2) Thomas Carver, now of Cavendish Hill, Basford, hosier (trustee for Bailey for preventing dower)
3) John Perry, formerly lace manufacturer, now spirit merchant
4) Peter Fearnhead, gentleman
5) John Mills, hosier
6i) John Cragg, junior, cotton doubler
6ii) George Brightmore Mills, merino spinner
7) Job Bradshaw, gentleman

Mortgage of premises at the corner of Friar Lane and the two messuages adjoining by 1) to 6i) and 6ii), for £3000 lent by 5), with power of sale in case of default with assignment of terms to 7) in trust for 5), as collateral security.
M/9480 - 1 Dec 1847
Further charge by T Bailey to J Mills on former Feather's Inn, etc, and 2 messuages in Fryar Lane as in M/9479
1) Thomas Bailey, of Basford, gentleman
2) John Mills, Esquire
Deed of further charge for securing an additional loan of £500 on the premises in Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane
1 Dec 1847

M/9481 - 11 July 1887
Further charge by John Brown (son-in-law of T Bailey) to G B Mills on former Feather's Inn, etc, and 2 messuages in Fryar Lane as in M/9479
1) John Brown, wine merchant
2) George Brightmore Mills, of Alvaston, Derbyshire, Esquire
Deed of further charge for securing the loan of £1500 and interest on the same premises; reciting that John Mills, who died 18 Apr 1850, bequeathed his estate to his nephew, G B Mills, and that
Bailey, who died 23 Oct 1856, gave to his son-in-law, John Brown, all his freehold estate in Friar Lane and Wheeler Gate, then in the occupation of J Brown, William Thurman, and others, subject to the payment of mortgages and of an annuity to his wife Catherina Bailey, who died 4 Sep 1860; and that the mortgage remained unpaid
11 Jul 1887
M/9482 - 1892
Notice to William Bradshaw and Frederic Wadsworth (trustees of will of G B Mills) of 2nd mortgage by John Henry Brown to Robert Carver Brown on former Feather's Inn, etc, and 2 messuages in Fryar Lane as in M/9479
Copy of notice by Martin and Sons, solicitors for Robert Carver Brown, to William Bradshaw and Frederic Wadsworth, trustees under the will of G B Mills, that by indenture of 12 May 1892, John Henry Brown mortgaged the same premises to R C Brown, for £7450 and interest.
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M/13282 - 1651
Feoffment by John, Emmott, Averie and Alice Pepper to Ann Pecke of a messuage and garden on Fryer Row
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M/13424 - Original Doc 1703
Attested copy final concord between William Firth and Heyrick Athorpe of seven messuages etc in Nottingham, copied 1801.
M/13425 - 1703
Attested copy deed to declare uses of fine, three messuages in Wheelwright Gate to use of H Athorpe
M/13426 - 1744 - 1745
Attested copy will of H Athorpe, bequeathing premises in Nottingham, Basford etc in trust for cousin Henry Athorpe
References to three Messuages must refer to 2 -6 Wheeler Gate
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M/17427 - 1745
Attested copy assignment by William Thorpe and other trustees to Henry Athorpe of premises in Nottingham, Basford etc
M/13428  - 1768
Attested copy lease for a year by Henry Athorpe to Abel Smith of two houses in Wheeler Gate, maltrooms at top of yard, and two stables in Friar Lane
I believe this must relate to 2 - 6 Wheeler Gate
M/13429 - 1801 - original dated 1768
Attested copy release of same (M/13424 – M/13429 attested by H Enfield and H Kirke White 1801)
M/13430 - 1801
Feoffment of Robert, (Smith) Lord Carrington to Joseph Howard and G Coldham (trustee) of messuage [No 6] Wheeler Gate (except attic storey) etc, with inset plan.
M/13433 - 1815
Lease for a year by S Payne and L Allsopp to Samuel Hall of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate
M/13434 -1815
Release of Lease for a year by S Payne and L Allsopp to Samuel Hall of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate, and assignment of mortgage in trust to attend inheritance
M/13435 - 1816
Lease for a year by S Hall and Bryan T Balguy (trustee) to Francis Wakefield of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13436 - 1816
Mortgage in fee of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13437 - 1845
Conveyance by Charles Mellor by direction of S Hall and T and F Wakefield to Samuel Wakefield of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages )
M/13438 - 1846
Appointment and release by S Wakefield to Amos Bennett of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13439 - 1846 - Original dated 1820 - 1828
Extract from will of F Wakefield, copied 1846
M/13440 - 1846
Mortgage by A Bennett to John Brown of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13441 - 1849
Reconveyance by J Brown to A Bennett and John Wadsworth (trustee) of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13442 - 1854
Abstract title of William Bennett to 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13443 - 1854
Memo of agreement between (1) W Bennett and (2) John W Bowers and Thomas James Sale of house, grocer's shop etc
M/13444 - 1850 - 54
Declaration of Samuel Fox as to Bennett family with copies of marriage, birth and burial certificates
M/13445 - 1855
Account of succession to real property of W Bennett
M/13446 - 1855
Conveyance by W Bennett to J W Bowers and T J Sale of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages)
M/13448 - 1855 -71
Schedule of deeds etc of Wheeler Gate property of J W Bowers and T J Sale mortgaged to W Bennett
M/13450 - 1871 - 76?
Mortgage of 2 – 6 Wheeler Gate (now 2 messuages) by J W Bowers to William Wright and William Foster, endorsed with further charge, assignment and reconveyance.

Note - Armitage's were formerly Bowers  - Brougham Chambers formerly Bowers Yard?
M/13451 - 1885
Account of succession in real property of Warren Bowers
M/ 13452 - 1854
Conveyance by Charles James Fisher and others to Thomas Herbert and Michael Browne (trustee) of maltrooms, land etc in Friar Lane (behind Wheeler Gate properties); with inset plan
M/13453 - 1869
Abstract of title of C J Fisher to a messuage, maltrooms etc, Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane; with plan attached to folio 1 verso
M13454 - 1869
Covenant by C J Fisher to T Herbert for production of title deeds
M/13455 -
Grant by T Herbert to C J Fisher of easements in respect of land and buildings behind Wheeler Gate, with inset plan
M/13456 - 1870
Abstract of title of C J Fisher to a messuage, easements etc in or near Wheeler Gate; with plan attached to folio 47
M/13457 - 1871
Draft requisitions on and objections to title
M/13458 - 1871
Conveyance by C J Fisher to John Brown of a messuage [No 4] etc Wheeler Gate; with inset plan
M/13459 - 1871
Covenant of C J Fisher to J Brown for production of title deeds
M/13460 - 1891
Mortgage by Robert Carver Brown to Jane Eliza Forman of a moiety of Old Moot Hall, house and shop adjoining shop in Friar Lane and house in Bowers Yard, Wheeler Gate
M/13461 - 1892
Mortgage by John Henry Brown to R C Brown of the Old Moot Hall and other premises in Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane, subject to prior mortgage.
M/13462 - 1892
Sub-mortgage by R C Brown to Sarah Anne Spencer of the Old Moot Hall and other premises in Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane
M/13463 - 1892
Sub-mortgage by R C Brown to J E Forman of the Old Moot Hall and other premises in Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane
M/13465 - 1893
Sub-mortgage by J E Forman to John George and Frank William Martin of the Old Moot Hall and other premises in Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane
M/13469 - 1899
Agreement between J H Brown and Armitage Brothers Ltd, for sale of property in Brougham Chambers, Wheeler Gate
M/13470 - 1900
Abstract of title of J H Brown and mortgages to premises in Wheeler Gate and Friar Lane; with plan attached to folio 4
M/13472 - 1900
Reconveyance by Midland Counties District Bank Ltd to J H Brown of part of property included in a mortgage of 26 July 1899
M/13474 - 1900
Abstract of title of Armitage Brothers Ltd to messuage in Brougham Chambers, Wheelergate

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M/24434 - 10 July 1765
Assignment by (1) - (4) in trust for (2) of Mr Cooke's mortgage for the public house 'The Sign of the Feathers', Wheelwright Gate
1) Langley Gace of Panton, Lincolnshire, gentleman
(2)
Abel Smith of Nottingham, gentleman
(3) William Cooke of Horncastle, Lincolnshire, gentleman
(4) William Partridge of Nottingham, gentleman

M/24435  20 August 1801
Feoffment of a messuage and tenement on corner of Wheelergate and Friar Lane, Nottingham. Formerly 'The Sign of the Feathers' from (1) to (2)
(1) Right Honourable Lord Carrington (Robert Smith, son of Abel Smith)
(2) John Ashwell of Nottingham, ironmonger
(3) Samuel Heard of Nottingham, hozier
(4) William Stretton of Nottingham, builder
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M/24436 - 20 August 1807
Mortgage of premises on corner of Wheelergate and Friar Lane, Nottingham (formerly the 'Feathers')
(1) John Ashwell
(2) John Parr junior of Cropwell Butler, Nottinghamshire
Consideration: £800

M/24437 - 22 Oct 1803 - (2 Docs)
Feoffment by (1) to (3) of estate in Friar Lane. (a
(1) John Ashwell
(2) Samuel Heard
(3) John Bigsby of Nottingham, surgeon
(4) Robert Bigsby of Nottingham, gentleman
(5) John Parr
(6) William Doubleday Crofts
Assignment of Mortgage (b)
(1) John Parr
(2) William Doubleday Crofts
M/24438  15 August 1804.
Mortgage by (1) to (2) of premises on corner of Wheelergate and Friar Lane, with plan and schedule
(1) John Ashwell of Nottingham, ironmonger
(2) John Fellows of Nottingham, Silkman
(3) Joseph Oldknow of Nottingham, grocer
(4) Samuel Statham of Arnold, Nottinghamshire, gentleman
(5) Francis Wakefield, hosier
(6) Thomas Carpenter Smith, hosier
Consideration: £2000

M/18419 - early 19th century. (Probably not relevant)
Abstract title of W. Nunn's devisees to estate in Nottingham (part of Tenter Close, later called the Paddock, between Hounds Gate and Friar Lane; messuage built by Charles Osborne, c 1791-1796)
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Notes  -
 Lawrence Athorpe - Attorney at Law - Deputy Town Clerk 11 March 1689/90, Town Clerk - Dec 6 1692. Burgess of Nottingham, 1674 - Collector of Hearth Tax.
son - Heyrick Athorpe (d.1745)
Cousin - Henry Athorpe (of Dinnington? d. 2 Nov 1769)
Thomas Smith (Smyth) (1631 - 99), (founder of Nottingham Bank - The first provincial Bank in England in about 1650.
Son - Thomas Smith II (1682–1727) High Sherrif of Leicestershire 1717  had no sons
Brothers - Samuel  Smith d.1751 (London Goldsmith and Banker)and Abel Smith I. (Nottingham Banker)
Abel Smith II  (1717 - 88), MP Aldborourgh 1774, St Ives 1780, St Germans 1785
oldest son Robert Smith (1752 -1838)  (first Lord Carrington) MP Nottingham 1779
John Ashwell - Ironmonger - Alderman 1809,  Mayor of Nottingham, 1804 and 1820
Sheriff of Nottingham 1795 / 6
Thomas Bailey 1785 - 1856, Writer and Historian
John Brown - son in law of Thomas Bailey.
1890 - John Armitage. Oriental Cafe, 6 Wheeler Gate. Nottingham. Armitage Bros, [?wholesale and retail grocers, corn and flour merchants], Castle Gate. (

Bailey was born in Nottingham on 31 July 1785. His education was received partly in a day school in his native town, and partly in a boarding school at Gillingham, Yorkshire. Afterwards he was for some time engaged in business as a silk-hosier.
A liberal in politics, he came forward, unsuccessfully, in 1830 as a candidate for the representation of the borough of Nottingham. In 1836 he was elected to the town council, and he continued to be a member for seven years.
In 1845-6 he became proprietor and editor of the Nottingham Mercury, but his opinions were considered too temperate by his readers. The circulation of the paper declined, and in 1851 the mass of subscribers withdrew in protest at Bailey's views respecting the original error of the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill, and his prophecies of its inevitable failure. In the following year the journal declared bankrupt.
In 1830, he purchased a mansion at Basford, near Nottingham, where he spent the later years of his life, engaged in literary pursuits and in the formation of a collection of books and engravings.
He died at Basford on 23 October 1856. His son, Philip James Bailey, is the author of Festus and of other poems
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From - Robert Mellors, Old Nottingham suburbs: then and now [Basford] (1914)
THOMAS BAILEY, who lived many years in the large brick house near to Basford Church, "commenced at a very early period of his youth," says Mr. C. Brown in his "Worthies," "a discipline of early self-education, studied the characters of benefactors to society, and generally improved his mind. He became an eloquent public speaker, was elected to the Town Council in 1836, became the proprietor of the Nottingham "Mercury." He devoted much time during 20 years to the improvement of the roads in Basford, was chairman of the Board of Guardians, 1855-7, and formed a village library. He compiled that valuable work, "The Annals of Notts." in four volumes, to which he devoted much time and care; wrote "What is Life?", and many other treatises. He died in 1856, aged 71, "relying wholly and humbly upon the mercies of One he knew to be his Saviour." His grave is in the old cemetery.
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Note - John Armitage. Oriental Cafe, 6 Wheeler Gate. Nottingham.
19th Century -Armitage Bros, wholesale and retail grocers, corn and flour merchants, Castle Gate.


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The line of Thomas Smith of Reyworth from - http://www.zipworld.com.au/~lnbdds/home/carrington.htm
Thomas Smith of Reyworth married Fortune Collin, daughter of Laurence Collin, Banker, at Nottingham, and had issue: Thomas (Collin) Smith, who served the office of high sheriff for the county of Leicester. He married Mary Manle. His son, Abel (Manle) Smith, of Nottingham, Banker, married Jane Beaumont, daughter of George Beaumont of Chapelthorpe in Yorkshire, and had issue, George (Beaumont) Smith, created a baronet in 1757, whose son, Sir George Smith, the second baronet, assumed the surname of "Bromley". John Smith, of London, merchant. and Abel Smith, whose son, Robert Smith, was elevated to the peerage, 16 Jul 1796, as Lord Carrington.
Samuel (Collin) Smith (the second son of Thomas Smith of Reyworth and Fortune Collin) had the following children: John (Collin) Smith who died unmarried; Thomas (Collin) Smith who married Dorothy Lister, daughter of John Lister of Sysonby - and an only daughter who married Sir Philip Hales. The third son, Samuel (Collin) Smith married Elizabeth Watson, daughter of Thomas Watson, and had these children: Samuel (Watson) Smith, M.P. for Worcester, who married a Miss Lockyer, daughter and heiress of George Lockyer, of Mappleton, Somerset. Another son, Thomas (Watson) Smith, married the Hon. Mary Hutchinson, who was the daughter of the Right Hon. John Hely Hutchinson, and the aunt of the later Earl of Donoughmore by whom (who d. in 1821 ) he had issue, an eldest son, Hely Hutchinson Smith, who died s.p. in holy orders and, amongst other daughters and sons, James (Hutchinson) Smith, who later possessed Ashlyns.
Arms: Or, a chevron cottised between three demi-griffins, the two in chief respectant sa. Crest: An elephant's head, erased or, eared gu. Motto: Preignes haleine tire fort. Estate Ashlyns Hall, near Great Berkhampstead, Herts, purchased in 1801
James Smith of Ashlyns Hall - Burke says, "This family, with the collateral branches of Sir George Bromley and Lord Carrington, derive immediately from Thomas Smith, of Reyworth, in the county of Nottingham, and of Gadesby, in Leicestershire, who was a descendant of the Smiths of Ashby Folville and Gadesby, and from whom he inherited this latter property in 1699. The Smiths of Ashby deduced their origin from Sir Michael Carrington, Standard Bearer to King Richard I in the Holy Land, one of whose descendants changed his name to Smyth during the conflicts between the houses of York and Lancaster, for purposes of concealment, which surname remained afterwards that of the family."
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see - https://archive.org/stream/smithfamilybeing00read#page/78/mode/2up

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